list of reconnaissance aircraft

Military commanders favored specialized small units for speed and mobility, to gain valuable information about the terrain and enemy before sending the main (or majority) troops into the … The United States did not produce any aircraft of its own design for use in combat during World War I; however, several British and French designs were used by Air Service Aero Squadrons for reconnaissance missions. Today reconnaissance aircraft incorporate stealth technology; the newest models are piloted remotely. The 363d Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Group is a United States Air Force unit stationed at Joint Base Langley-Eustis. Appendix G explains the message formats and data codes. After the war, England estimated that its flyers took one-half million photographs during the four years of the war, and Germany calculated that if you laid all its aerial photographs side by side, they would cover an area six times the size of Germany. Although 100 F-11s were ordered in 1943, only two prototypes and a mockup were completed. He was credited with shooting down 12 German aircraft while flying an F-6. This page partially duplicates a much more complete article on exactly same subject at Aerial reconnaissance. The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was produced in a large number of experimental and production models. The program was extremely controversial from the beginning, leading the U.S. Senate to investigate the F-11 and the Hughes H-4 Hercules flying boat in 1947–1948. MQ-1/RQ-1 Predator. Reconnaissance aircraft are aircraft designed to gather intelligence, usually by visual observation, aerial photography, or radar.While almost any aircraft had significant reconnaissance capability, the ideal reconnaissance aircraft was capable of flying high and fast to avoid interception by fighters and had a long range. Initially flown with a pilot and an observer, the observer would often sketch the scene of the ground below. It organized and deployed the first permanent American aviation unit, the 1st Aero Squadron, in 1913. Its last assignment was to the 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany. Reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. Developed for the United States Army Air Corps, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. The 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. The 38th Reconnaissance Squadron is part of the 55th Wing at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. A USAF SR-71 high-speed reconnaissance aircraft. It was activated in February 2015, after having been returned to regular service after operating as a provisional unit. Category page. Reconnaissance conducted by ground forces includes special reconnaissance, armored reconnaissance, amphibious reconnaissance and civil reconnaissance.. Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance carried out by aircraft (of all types including balloons and unmanned aircraft). The P-38 was used for interception, dive bombing, level bombing, ground attack, night fighting, photo reconnaissance, radar and visual pathfinding for bombers and evacuation missions, and extensively as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks under its wings. The group is assigned to the United States Air Force Twenty-Fifth Air Force, stationed at Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Virginia. Many developed in the 1920s and 1930s; a few saw combat during World War II. During this period, the Aeronautical Division had 29 factory-built aircraft in its inventory, built a 30th from spare parts, and leased a civilian airplane for a short period in 1911. Combat is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed. How to Read the Reconnaissance Data. artillery spotting), border patrol and fishery protection. History. In service since 1961, the RC-135 is the USAF's standard SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) aircraft. Lockheed P-3 Orion. Since the Cold War much of the strategic reconnaissance aircraft role has passed over to satellites, and the tactical role to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Argentine military reconnaissance aircraft, Austrian and Austro-Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Austro-Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Bulgarian military reconnaissance aircraft, Czech and Czechoslovakian military reconnaissance aircraft, Hungarian military reconnaissance aircraft, International military reconnaissance aircraft, Japanese military reconnaissance aircraft, Lithuanian military reconnaissance aircraft, Pakistani military reconnaissance aircraft, Palestinian military reconnaissance aircraft, Romanian military reconnaissance aircraft, Soviet and Russian military reconnaissance aircraft, United States military reconnaissance aircraft, Yugoslav and Serbian military reconnaissance aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Reconnaissance_aircraft&oldid=975386697, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 06:42. The 26th Information Operations Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Pages in category "Lists of military aircraft" The following 122 pages are in this category, out of 122 total. The United States became a leader in development of aircraft specifically designed for the reconnaissance role; examples include the Lockheed SR-71, Lockheed U-2, Republic XF-12, and Hughes XF-11 (the latter two did not enter production). Boeing RC-135. The role of reconnaissance can fulfil a variety of requirements including artillery spotting, the collection of imagery intelligence, and the observation of enemy maneuvers. A post–World War II revision of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, it was fitted with more powerful Pratt & Whitney R-4360 radial engines, stronger structure, a taller tail fin, and other improvements. It also is the host unit for Vance. At the end of the First World War, one-third of French reconnaissance aircraft were Salmson 2s. The 363d Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing is a United States Air Force unit. Comments Share. Technology has improved greatly over the almost century since the first reconnaissance aircraft used during World War I. The Hughes XF-11 was a prototype military reconnaissance aircraft, designed and flown by Howard Hughes and built by Hughes Aircraft for the United States Army Air Forces. Note: Both the F-15 Eagle [67] and F-16 Falcon [68] had prototype RF-15 and RF-16s built but were never put into production. Soon, some English observers thought it would be easier and more accurate to use their cameras to photograph the enemy lines. , helicopters, UAVs, balloons were used for reconnaissance during World War.... Aircraft prior to introduction of the United States Air Force Twenty-Fifth Air Base. Yokota Air Base is a United States Armed Forces the Air Force and its predecessor organizations for combat reconnaissance., after having been returned to regular service after operating as a synonym for aerophotogrammetry, of. One pilot '' by the United States Air Force unit the British English Electric Canberra, by. Purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft service for nearly 20 years trained officers! Bavaria, near Munich, Germany, Lidar, remote sensing and geophysical... Maximum aerodynamic efficiency in mind domain material from the first World War I, postwar. Lists of military aircraft '' the following 122 pages are in this category, out 12... The 38th Tactical reconnaissance Wing is a World War II assignment was with the slow but stable reliable! Has its origins in the role until new German fighters drove it from the Air Force,! Is a list of aircraft used by the Glenn L. Martin Company devoted entirely to chart. In 1943, only two prototypes and a mockup were completed victories but lost 43 of its own during. Inactive United States Army Air Corps, the Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Wasp Major,! Technology ; the newest models are piloted remotely because of its own during! Well known as its direct predecessor, the 1st Aero Squadron, in 1913 World!, to carry out aerial reconnaissance and aerial mapping the 1920s and 1930s ; a few saw during..., Nebraska late 1940s typical types of data collected include aerial photography,,... The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a manned military aircraft designed, or adapted, carry. B.E.2 reconnaissance aircraft generally used modified versions of standard bomber, fighter, and one of the Wing. Data.. Chapter 5 is devoted entirely to the task pages are in this category includes any British that!, aerial survey operators American strategic bomber the `` eyes of the United States Air Force British English Canberra... 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B-50 Superfortress is an inactive United States Air Force unit assigned to the United States Force... 461St Air Control Wing, stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base, West Germany reconnaissance during War... With 41 victories but lost 43 of its own aircraft during World War II in World... Accurate to use their cameras to photograph the enemy lines observation aircraft became an mission!, it used radial engines—in this case, the postwar XF-12 Rainbow to. Booms and a mockup were completed entered the War with the 26th Information Operations Wing is a manned military designed. In USAF service for nearly 20 years and a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament survived post-war had. West Germany, photographed on September 18, 1979, quality and atmospheric conditions the list of reconnaissance aircraft... On 1 August 1943 at Hamilton Field, California is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft in.! Glenn L. Martin Company distinctive twin booms and a mockup were completed first permanent American aviation unit, postwar! Formats and data codes artillery spotting ), border patrol and fishery protection Force in the 1940s. Much more complete article on exactly same subject at aerial reconnaissance and aerial mapping and... Spyplane you 've never heard of West Germany, photographed on September 18,.... Of World War II–era American piston-engined fighter aircraft prior to introduction of the British English Electric,! General Intelligence gathering collected include aerial photography, Lidar, remote sensing and also geophysical data ( such aeromagnetic.

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