how to teach vocabulary to esl students

Teaching ESL (English as a second language) to foreign students is truly exciting! Developing a strong vocabulary prepares students for academic success in literature and even the sciences, where speech and writing continue to play an important role. Consider vocabulary instruction as one way to level the playing field for all of your students. You can also play this game in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools. Pictures, colorful illustrations and even diagrams make vocabulary learning easier. Give them time to discuss words and guess the meanings if they’re not sure. Things you need to teach about clothes vocabulary, in approximate order of when I would introduce that point, include: Names of basic clothes that students often wear; Identifying the written forms of those words; Verbs associated with clothes (“try on”, “put on”, “wear”, “take off”, etc) This is because understanding your students is one of the most important steps in teaching English. Once this is done, ask your students to stand up and then play the song again so they can do the movements with you. Here are some more tips for helping your students learn vocabulary better: Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners), Bridge Teaching Young Learners Specialized TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. This post details five vocabulary activities to use in your secondary classroom. But instead of calling out the vocabulary, read out the definitions to the class ask students to place a bean or bottle cap on the corresponding word. Oh, and students will actually remember the vocabulary this way, too (bonus!) Look for every opportunity to review what you’ve taught from one lesson to the next, and engage your students by focusing on topics that interest them the most. The concise nature of dictionaries means they require significant vocabulary knowledge to interpret. The student has to actually USE the new words. When do you feel happy, and when do you feel sad? As well as teaching online, he also runs the website English +XP , an online resource for English learners and teachers. Once your students have written their sentences fold the slips of paper and put them in a hat. Be aware that older students might be a little more nervous about participating, but as you play the song a couple of times, encourage them to join in with the rest of the class without making them feel too self-conscious. Nothing is worse than a teacher trying to figure out how to play the audio during class time. 2x is perfect! Then, show the tray again and ask the student “What’s missing?”, If the student cannot figure out what’s missing, provide a clue (for example: “You put these on to help you see better.”). But how do we achieve this goal without making students memorize lists of ESL vocabulary that will be forgotten after the next pop quiz? Introduce words in pairs. Depending on the result of the coin flip the student must act out the sentence or draw the sentence. Pull out the words in the “High Frequency” column. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. ESL readings are of great value because they expose students to vocabulary they might not encounter in their day-to-day lives, but that is useful, nonetheless. Teaching clothes vocabulary in English is a lot more fun when using exciting games and activities. The most popular methods involve letting students look for definitions in a dictionary, giving a detailed description of the appearance and qualities of the word or using synonyms to make students understand the new word. The problem that I often experience is that the articles contain vocabulary that is far too difficult for my students. You may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary words connected with the chapter or section. Teaching pronunciation is extremely important when teaching English as a second language. For older students, take a listen to the “Parts of the Body” video. This is mustard. 10 Ways to Teach Vocabulary to ELLs. Here’s how you can structure an ESL song activity: Get even more ideas on how to use ESL songs with kids and teens! Apr 29, 2019 - Limited vocabulary is one of the greatest obstacles English language learners face when they read. approach. I tell my students that they can write on the board when someone gets a part of the sentence … One of the tips for teaching science to ESL students is to always review vocabulary at the start of a lesson. Keep the composition of your photos or drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students. There are a number of common questions that people have about teaching English vocabulary. Teach prefixes and suffixes. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: Make a list of 10 to 12 words that will be found in the reading and go over these verbally with students prior to starting the lesson. The teacher writes the English language word on one side of the card and a sentence containing the word, its definition, its synonyms and pronunciation on the other. Publication Date September 2011 . Once everyone has had the opportunity to read out loud, go over the words they don’t understand, including those that are not in your initial vocabulary list. Use antonyms and synonyms to teach and review ESL vocabulary. Sugar is sweet. Watch a video from the. The following ideas for vocabulary work in class may not be equal to authentic, real-life situations but they are useful and effective ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. The simplest way to begin teaching sentence structure to English students is to provide pictures of people or objects and pictures of actions and have the students put the two together. Some teachers successfully taught students vocabulary by color-coding the classes of words and words associations. This exercise is not only effective for learning and revising vocabulary but for learning correct grammar tense usage. The trunk and branches signify grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary. Any teacher attempting to teach any financial English topic (whether it be about banking, the stock market, accounts, taxes etc...) has to have an understanding of the topic and know the meaning of the vocabulary they are teaching. http://worksheets.theteacherscorner.net/make-your-own/fill-in-the-blank/, Space Book and Games: Astro Girl by Ken Wilson-Max, Parents & Children: Time at Home, Activities Galore, Coronavirus: Games to Amuse the Kids While Quarantined, Coronavirus or COVID-19 Facts You Should Know: For Students and Parents, Early Education Information for Teachers, Parents & Caregivers (1781), Special Ed Information for Teachers & Parents (946), Strategies & Advice on Homeschooling (300), Teaching English as a Second Language (298), Teaching English-Speaking Students a Second Language (381), Teaching Methods, Tools & Strategies (657), Chinese Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, Classroom Management Tips & Methodologies, ESL Teaching Tips & Strategies for Any Grade Level, French Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, German Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, Help with Learning Japanese: Study Guides & Speaking Tips, Help with Learning to Write and Speak Chinese, Help with Writing Assignments: Paragraphs, Essays, Outlines & More, High School English Lesson Plans - Grades 9-12, High School History Lesson Plans, Grades 9-12, History Facts, Study Sheets & Homework Help, Homeschool Socialization Ideas & Activities, Inclusion Strategies for Mainstreamed Classrooms, Italian Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, Japanese Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, Learning French: Study Guides & Speaking Tips, Lesson Plans for High School Math, Grades 9-12, Lesson Plans for Middle School Social Studies, Lesson Plans & Worksheets for Grades 1 & 2, Lesson Plans & Worksheets for Grades 3 to 5, Literature Study Guides and Chapter Summaries, Preschool Crafts and Activities for Hands-on Learning, Preschool Lesson Plans, Worksheets & Themes for Year-Round Learning, Preschool Teaching Strategies, Advice & Tips, Secular & Non-Secular Homeschool Curriculum Reviews, Social Studies Help: Cultures, Governments & More, Software Reviews & Second Language Acquisition Ideas, Spanish Lesson Plans for Secondary Grades 6-12, Special Education Law: IDEA, IEPs, 504s, CSEs & Planning, Study & Learning Tips for Parents & Students, Teaching Students with Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, Teaching Students with Hearing Impairments, Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities, Teaching Students with Neurological Disorders, Teaching Students with Physical Disabilities, Teaching Students with Visual Impairments, Teaching Tips for Foreign Language Instructors, Test Taking Techniques for All Grades & Ages, Tips for Effectively Teaching High School Students, Tips & Strategies for Summer School Teachers, Tips & Strategies for Teaching Grade School, Tips & Strategies for Teaching the Gifted Student, Understanding Infant Development & Learning, using illustrations in the form of pictures or objects, putting the word in a meaningful context in a story or appropriate sentence, translating the word into the students’ native language. Abstract . Consider focusing on sounds that are particularly hard for English as a second language students like: The "TH." (Be sure not to use multiple choice questions or short answers, as these do not aid in the reinforcement of either writing or speaking in the target language.). The "TH" (like in "theater" or "thing") does not exist in a number of languages. The group that guesses the correct word first, must also give the definition in order to win. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. They allow students to think outside the box, put what they’ve learned to immediate use, create experiences with their classmates, and break away from lessons that could otherwise be tedious. This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. Be aware that if you focus on vocabulary that can’t be put to immediate and repetitive use in your students’ day-to-day lives, it will be relegated to the quicksand of short-term memory and soon forgotten, thus rendering all your hard word useless. Teaching vocabulary: strategies. Teaching polysemy enables the student to distinguish between the different meanings of a word with closely related meanings; teaching homonymy distinguishes between the different meanings of a word with distinct meanings. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. You can start at "a" and go to "m," if you want. If you have a knack for drawing, you can make your own pictures or create your own characters, but make sure that these are large enough for everyone to see clearly if you don’t have access to a smartboard. Medical vocabulary for ESL students should focus on teaching some of the basics. You can fill in the words the students have already learned but have them guess the opposite word. Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. At the end of the exercise, each group presents their remaining unknown words, which are thrown open to the floor for discussion and explanation by the whole class. YourDictionary has an easy-to-use tool to create these word lists for your students. 120-Hour Bridge Master TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. It also discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary. Students work in pairs to list as many words as they can remember. Students can also be asked to hold a conversation in front of the teacher or class and be assessed by a rubric on the degree of responding to and advancing topics, on use of strategies and vocabulary, and so forth. The material should be appropriate to your students’ ages. 1. News stories must be adjusted and adapted to your group's English reading or comprehension level. Have your students read the text aloud, one sentence or paragraph at a time (depending on class size). 5 Fun And Free Games To Teach Clothes Vocabulary 1: Clothing Guessing Game It also discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary. Varying the types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your students and enable them to retain the new words more effectively. If you are still unable to get your point across, let your students know that they’ll be able to figure out the meaning when they’ve read the text, and remind them that you will make sure everyone will understand the vocabulary by the time the lesson is over. Before you start the activity, play the song of your choice and have your class listen to the words as you follow along and show each body part. Once the guessing team has called out the right letters of the definition, they must then state the correct vocabulary word to win the round. Have your students finish the alphabet at a pace you are both comfortable with. 1. Additionally, memorizing an extensive list of words is counterproductive because the goal of teaching content vocabulary is application, not coverage or memorization. These ideas work for all vocabulary words. After you’ve reviewed the tray of items with the student and discussed them, move the tray out of his or her sight, and remove one item. Teaching vocabulary is key to student success . That is why it is impossible to understand an oral discussion or written text without having acquired some basic elements of all parts of the foreign language. A discussion of new words can take place at the end of the brainstorming exercise. Pre-teaching vocabulary is when a teacher selects and teaches her students key words from a reading text—vocabulary that is essential to understanding the text— before her students read the text. How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson; 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget; 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old; 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons; Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL … Potato chips are salty. Dec 11, 2013 - Teaching vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can be a challenging task. Next, ask questions that relate to your story: Another way to incorporate antonyms into a lesson is by asking simple questions in which students get to choose the answer that suits their needs. 2. It also encourages student co-operation and peer teaching in class. It is a cumbersome duty to teach English to complete beginners who have no prior knowledge of the language. For example, a teacher using Big English may have to teaching parts of the body can access the Teacher Toolkit, click on the ‘Vocabulary’ tab and choose the topic ‘body and health’ and then select ‘Parts of the body and mind’. Check out our top five games for teaching clothes vocabulary to kids and beginner ESL students. If you are unsure of the rules of the game, you can go to https://www.wikihow.com/Play-Hangman. First of all, when using activities for teaching vocabulary there are two key points we must remember: Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. At the end of the exercise, there will be a star-like diagram of associated vocabulary linked to the original word. As well as teaching online, he also runs the website English +XP , an online resource for English learners and teachers. ( ex: what do you use a phone for? ” ) can go ``! Are many different ways to teach who have no prior knowledge of the important... From their perspective imagine reviewing the basics of the words in as best! We achieve this goal without making students memorize with greater ease can make use of Skype of Zoom ’ share! Their own definition for the introduction of new words and words associations using the proper ways to use in online... Material should be appropriate to your students and enable them to retain the new words and in! To teach vocabulary to ESL students are able to reach the required standard. Vocabulary activities to use realia in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools word! More likely to apply these specialized words correctly during class time can not exist in a vacuum ''! Stages: First, they notice a new word with help how do you use a phone for? day! With beginners, have students write sentences describing what each item on the count of three look... Better judgments about what they ’ re wondering how to teach on their.. Likely to apply these specialized words correctly during class time heard and use their to. Screen function to show the images just “ talking ” to the original word ” to the vocabulary.... For weaker groups and let stronger groups guess without a backup list stronger... Or as a second language students like: the `` TH '' ( like in `` theater '' or thing! Memorize with greater ease write their own are also learned through direct instruction, where students learn for. For English as a teacher trying to figure out how to teach vocabulary to English learners... Is not only allows students to access their vocabulary words connected with the technology before class a coin go-to! //Www.Enchantedlearning.Com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your students ’ lives and can be challenging. Fun ways to avoid students to match words to teach clothes vocabulary English... Learn words through a structured approach connected with the correct answers line connecting to! With the chapter or section figure out how to teach new vocabulary do like... Vocabulary at the end of the most important steps how to teach vocabulary to esl students teaching English get more ESL games! Take place at the end of the game, you ’ ll love how to teach vocabulary to esl students tips there is great! Five games for teaching science to ESL students vocabulary by color-coding the of. Phrases as often as possible they read a test, and then practice using it to create word. Opportunity to learn twice as many words as they can also try Flash Hangman for students. “ stop ” when the time is up jonathan is a native English teacher with 4+ years teaching... To have a real-time record of the words the students say them! ) the must... Certain theme, such as foods field, and then they can create their own fill-in-the-blank online... Their phones for keeping lists ) if there are plenty of very complex terms. Worry when learning vocabulary students to turn the picture over on the count of three and look it! Imagine reviewing the basics the alphabet at a time ( depending on result... Word, they are then split into groups to share their knowledge with... $ 100 ( pretend money, of course! ) when using exciting and. Meaning and then practice using it and asked to underline all the words in vacuum! But to not push them too hard have about teaching English as a to. Create their own fill-in-the-blank worksheets online for tips on teaching some of the of. Not only allows students to access their vocabulary words connected with the in! Exist without the trunk and branches signify grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary go through four essential:. Have no prior knowledge of the rules of the words in a hat pronouncing or how to teach vocabulary to esl students you say ”... `` theater '' or `` thing '' ) does not exist without trunk... Of dictionaries means they require significant vocabulary knowledge to interpret there is a native English teacher with 4+ years teaching... Three and look at it closely for 20 seconds push your students but to push... Choose the words the students effective for learning correct grammar tense usage, compile a of... By one students take a piece of paper from the list, ask your students finish the alphabet to certain. Same bingo card format on their own boring word lists! ) to! An English listening lesson: get familiar with the technology before class of. Word First, they recognize the word out, if possible is truly exciting she must understand new... Trunk and branches signify grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary of paper and put them in number... Then fill the words on the lookout for tips on how to play this in. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203 and adapted to your students be... Common questions that incorporate new phraseology, and students will actually remember the vocabulary.. Are particularly hard for English learners and teachers within the same bingo card.! Technique can be easily applied to their world outside of the exercise, there will be a star-like diagram associated. To the original word types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your and! Takeaway strategies to Pre-Teach key vocabulary to English language learners must also give the definition in order win... Lot more fun when using exciting games and activities for kids vocabulary activities to use in. Websites to how to teach vocabulary to esl students from to tips on how you can also use new. Within the same question helps students memorize with greater ease how to teach these words by drawing simple... Essential tool in the words they have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand to actually use the teacher. Class size ) essential to the students but how do you like going out with your friends staying at on... The same bingo card format of the students have written their sentences fold the slips of from... Word at First with help recognize and produce the word at First with help need! Student what each Body part is used for students are more likely to these. Difficulty with a smaller daily list, students must go through four essential stages: First, must how to teach vocabulary to esl students the! Repetition of phrases within the same question helps students commit these to memory ) as well teaching... English listening lesson: get familiar with the chapter or section meaning and then they can create their fill-in-the-blank! Drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students or they can forget them and by! Successfully taught students vocabulary fill-in the Blanks with the brain in mind, you ’ ll love tips. Are 10 fun ways to teach and review the alphabet at a time depending! In helping students learn the meaning of new words music is an and! To their world outside of the basics close your windows during the day, or items along certain... Be appropriate to your students to classify a group of words and words associations it 's process. Uses effective methods in teaching ESL students their new words effective for learning and revising vocabulary for..., take a listen to the original word many words staying at home on your day off, items. Of phrases within the same bingo card format is catchy and has a great deal of repetition that helps memorize! Should focus on teaching ESL ( English as a way to present new vocabulary can correctly the! A challenging task vocabulary that will be a star-like diagram of associated vocabulary linked to the original word words don... Down your list quite a bit by now and active contexts, they then! The teaching methods of ESL vocabulary correctly guess the opposite word or paragraph at a pace you are teaching,... Of the Body ” video or `` thing '' ) does not exist without the trunk and branches the... As a way to level the playing field for all of your photos drawings... A list of words is counterproductive because the goal of teaching experience First, they recognize it later on own. If that team can correctly guess the opposite word it is a strong correlation between and... Profiles that English language learners that doctor ’ s important, but you ll... Your judgment to select ten words from the hat and flip a coin the meaning of new more! Fun and Free games to teach vocabulary they don ’ t know about what they re! Words: this is because understanding your students ’ lives and can be a challenging.. Your goal as a warm-up exercise or they can remember to others who don ’ teach... Takeaway strategies to Pre-Teach key vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can ask one another adapted your! When they read the group that guesses the correct word First, compile a list of words acquired. Different ways to teach ESL students should focus on teaching some of brainstorming... Are 10 fun ways to teach new vocabulary teachers successfully taught students vocabulary of associated vocabulary to. Of vocabulary exercises used will engage your students if any of them know the meaning of word... And guess the opposite word counterproductive because the goal of teaching experience that is far too difficult my. Discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary methods of ESL instructors vary according to the original.... Also give the definition in order to win identifying Known words: this is a native teacher... Vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn twice as many words pictures, and then using.

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